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Background Information

Latinxs in the United States, by being one of the largest minority groups (US Census, 2015), are one of the largest vulnerable groups for traffickers in the United States. According to the 2011 Department of Justice (DOJ) report, 60% of all victims of labor trafficking were Latina women. In the same report, it also found that 42% of all male labor traffic were Latino men. In most of the report individuals of Afro-Latinx decent, or mixed heritage were not counted as Latinx or Hispanic. Instead, they were either counted as other, White, Native, or African-American. Including these individuals only increases the aforementioned percentages. Polaris also published a report in 2016 showing labor and sex trafficking in cantinas across 20 states. In the report they found 1,200 Latina females working in the cantinas who were trafficked for sex, for labor, or for both.

Currently, there are roughly 151,544 Latinxs in the state of Iowa. This is roughly 5% of the total population in Iowa. In order for action and prevention, there first needs to be awareness. Vulnerable communities need to possess the understanding that human trafficking is a problem before any sustainable change can take place.